The investigation is usually the first step that a board takes when determining whether the licensee committed any wrongdoing. Depending on the type of board, this process can be quite lengthy and typically a licensee is not privy to any discovery that is conducted in his or her case. After the initial investigation, the board may, in its discretion, decide that there is not enough information to proceed and ultimately, close the case. However, a board can also choose to pursue formal charges against a licensee, which, without effective legal representation, can have serious personal and professional consequences for that individual. In other instances, the board may issue a fine or reprimand or even require the licensee to take rehabilitative type classes before they can resume their practice.